Prince William of Orange

Titel "Prince William of Orange", in Idem, The Land of William of Orange, Philadelphia and New York (A Stokes Book): J.B. Lippincott Company, [1944], pp. 26-38. ill. "The Prince of Orange did not condone this outbreak of van­dalism. He was a Catholic himself and a lover of art. But he under­stood the motives that drove the Reformed to such unbridled fury. For he shared their hatred of the Spanish Inquisition. And he knew that the only way of preventing a recurrence of such tumults was not severer punishment of heretics but the withdrawal of the Inquisition.But that was not King Philip's way of restoring order. He sent the cruel Duke of Alva at the head of a Spanish army to the Netherlands to reduce them to obedience and quiet. The news of his approach spread terror throughout the Low Countries. Thousands fled abroad, well knowing that no one under suspicion of favoring the Reformed religion could expect mercy from the Duke of Alva. Among the many who crossed the border into Germany was the Prince of Orange. He foresaw that the Duke would con­fiscate all his real estate in the Netherlands, but he preferred that loss to the loss of his life. He tried in vain to persuade his two friends, the Counts of Egmont and Hoorne, to follow his example. "Farewell, Prince without land," said Egmont to him. "Farewell, Count without head," Prince William answered. Indeed, before the year was out both Egmont and Hoorne had lost their heads on the scaffold.Prince William did not cross the border to go into hiding. He went to Germany to raise an army, with money partly his own and partly borrowed from German princes who favored the Prot­estant cause. And with this army of mercenaries he invaded the Netherlands in hope of freeing them from Alva's tyranny. And thus began the Spanish war that was to last for eighty years." (30/1)
Jaar van uitgave 1944
Trefwoorden Algemene en Politieke Geschiedenis